History of Holography and the Credit Card Industry

by: Dr. Kenneth Haines
June 2020

In July 1981, the International Banknote Company (IBN) obtained the rights to a package of fundamental hologram patents that were created by Leith and Upatnieks at the University of Michigan (1). This acquisition was a significant event in the development of commercial holography. The patent package included the exclusive rights to the application of holography to credit cards (2). Click here to read more.

What is Holography

by: Dr. James D. Trolinger
March 2020

Performing a Google search for the definition of “holography” reveals a serious problem in the language of holography and partially explains why the public, in general, is so confused about holography. The average person has no idea about what holography is and isn’t and has never seen a good hologram. Almost all definitions yielded by a Google “Hologram Definition” search are all grossly wrong and define hologram as an image. Others are equally incomplete or outright wrong. Such definitions appear in legitimate dictionaries.  Click here to read more.